Over the last 30 yr anaesthesia for laparoscopic surgery has developed and advanced significantly resulting in a technique that minimizes many of the risks complications and prolonged duration of hospital stay of open surgery. Anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery john h nguyen md pedro p tanaka md phd laparoscopic surgery is a principle technique for minimally invasive surgery of the abdomen and it has been employed in procedures ranging across multiple surgical disciplines gynecologic surgeries were among its first applications. The use of laparoscopy has revolutionised the surgical field with its advantages of reduced morbidity with early recovery laparoscopic procedures have been traditionally performed under general anaesthesia ga due to the respiratory changes caused by pneumoperitoneum which is an integral part of laparoscopy. Laparoscopy for urological surgery is a relatively recent surgical innovation some centres have substantial experience of single operations but very few have experience with a comprehensive range our programme began with nephrectomy and pyeloplasty and has expanded to provide for a living related kidney donor programme and for other procedures usually conducted open
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